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雅思阅读之同义词表达

2020-7-24 10:50发布者: 中青留学 浏览次数: 26

  雅思阅读所考察的,并不是对于文章中心思想的理解,而是考生快速阅读文章并从中获取特定信息的能力,这需要我们能够根据题目中的关键词迅速定位原文位置,熟练掌握常见的同义词替换显得尤为重要。

  下面为大家整理了一些比较常见的同义表达,大家可以经常拿出来复习一下加深印象,相信对大家的阅读能力有所帮助!

  1

  access/entrance/entryway,通路,进入

  route/motorway/highway/expressway,公路

  boundary/border/edge/outskirts/frontier,边界

  proposal/suggestion/recommendation/proposition

  提议

  odour/smell/stench/stink/scent,味道

  bearing/position/standing,方位

  waste/unwanted materials/rubbish/garbage/trash,废物

  priority/preferential/the most important/overriding,优先

  evidence/proof/documentation/written account,证据

  mistake/error/fault/slip/mix-up,错误

  collapse/failure/fall,崩塌,失败

  fatigue/tiredness/exhaustion/drowsiness,疲劳

  trial/experiment/test,实验

  success/achievement/progress/breakthrough/accomplishment,成就

  invention/device/creation/innovation,发明,装置

  2

  farming/agriculture,农业

  public event/communal activity ,公众、社交活动

  aviation disaster/sky accident/air crash,空难

  altitude/from…meters above the ground/height/how high/level ,高度

  zone/airspace/region/area/district/quarter/block/suburb,区域

  weather/meteorological/climate/condition,气候

  beacon and flashing/light/beam/ laser/ray/glow/glare,光

  aircraft/plane/by air,飞机

  city/metropolitan/urban/town/civic/municipal/downtown,城市

  period/cycle/era/age,年代

  feeling/emotional response / sensory/a sense of/passion,感觉

  linguistic/language,语言

  building/property/construction,建筑

  financial support/fund/financial aid ,资助

  stumbling block/difficulty/trouble,n.麻烦

  3

  test in real/field test ,实地测试

  genius/talent/intellectual/intelligence/brains/brilliant/wisdom,天才; 才能

  talent/gift/prodigy/skill/ability/craftsmanship/flair,天才;才能

  limitation/restricted/restrict/confine/constrain,限制

  biological clock/internal clock ,生物钟

  principle/rule,原则

  middle-year education/lower secondary school,中学

  format/pattern,格式

  less successful student/struggler,差等生

  supplementary/assist/additional/extra/further/added/spare/more,补充

  correct answer/accuracy,精确

  imbalance/disorder/unequal/disproportionate,不平衡,紊乱

  cost/financial outlay/spend/charge/fare/rental/toll ,支出

  immunity/resistance,免疫力

  encounter/face/confront/meet,遇见,遭遇

  4

  ignore/neglect/bypass/pay no attention/take no notice,忽略,无视

  change/modify/shift/alter/transfer,改变

  protect/guard/safeguard/shield/conservation,保护

  follow/track/tail/shadow/stalk/stalker,跟随,跟踪

  teach/educate/train/coach/instruct/bring up,教学

  determine/establish/identify/pinpoint/diagnose,决定;确定

  differ from/unusual/distinguish/recognize the difference/differentiate,区别;与…不同

  consult/ask somebody's advice,咨询

  engage/give somebody a job/employ/take on/appoint/recruit/sign up,雇佣

  combine/mix/stir/blend/whisk,联合

  explain/tell/show/demonstrate/go through/throw/shed light on/set out,解释

  occur/happen/take place/turn up/arise/strike,发生

  expand/get bigger/grow/swell up/stretch,扩张,扩大

  emerge/appear/become visible/come into view/come into sight/come out,出现

  generate/form/produce/create/develop/manufacture,产生

  5

  observe/notice/see/tell/see/spot/detect/note/becomeaware/conscious/catch somebody's eye/perceive,观察,发现,

  include/consist of/comprise/be composed of/ be made up of,包含,包括

  focus on/deals only with/concentrate,专注于

  recognize/know/identify/pick out/tell,认出,承认

  come from/be based on/originate/have its origins in/have its roots in/derive from /grow out of/ evolve from,发展,来自于

  enable/make something possible/allow/permit/pave the way for/clear the way for,使能够

  predict/anticipate/forecast/foretell/guess in advance/expect,预测;预期

  realize/know/be/become aware/appreciate/be conscious,意识到

  produce/form/create/generate,生产

  guarantee/promise/assure/swear/vow/commit to/pledge,保证

  bring/confer/award/present/grant/confer/allocate/offer,带来

  illustrate/show/demonstrate/mean/reflect/reveal/bea sign,表明

  disturb/interrupt/bother/distract/put somebody off ,打扰

  unfold/open/develop/expand,展开

  forge/form/counterfeit,形成,伪造

  6

  persuade/convince/win over/talk around,说服

  surrender/give in ,投降,放弃

  exaggerate/overstate,夸张,夸大

  dispose/settle/manage/cope with/deal with,安排,处理

  postpone/put back/delay/adjourn ,推迟

  couple with/and/accompany/with,伴随

  involve/contain/comprise,包含,牵涉

  draw on/absorb,吸收

  settle on/make choice of/decide on,选定

  involve with/associate with/link to/relate to,与…有关联

  release/issue/launch/convey/deliver,发行,发表

  react/respond,反应

  assessment/appraisal/evaluation/estimate/judgment,评估,估计

  remain/keep/stay/maintain,保持

  foster/cultivate/raise/nurture,培养,养育

  7

  overtake/catchup/sweep over/exceed/overcome,赶上,压倒

  administer/manage/conduct/implement/perform,执行,管理

  construct/build/make/found,建造

  stimulate/encourage/activate/motivate,鼓励,刺激

  vanish/extinct/disappear,消失

  ignite/light/inflame,点燃

  launch/coin/project/release/issue,创造

  require/desire/order/command,要求

  operate/act/run,运转

  revive/renaissance,复兴

  break/shatter/crack,打碎,打破

  insist/claim/argue/believe/think,坚持,坚称

  suppress/control/restrain/repress/oppress/inhibit/ban/forbid/stifle,压制

  speedup/increase speed/quicken up/accelerate speed,加速

  dispute/debate/controversy/disagree/argue,争论

  8

  reproduce/copy/replicate/repeat/duplicate,复制

  plan/prepare/design,计划

  improve/grow/get better ,进步

  catch/exploit/capture,抓捕

  give up/abandon ,放弃

  refute/not mean/rebut/deny,反驳

  fulfill/qualify/achieve/keep/satisfy,完成

  prevent/resolve/forbid/stop,防止

  tend to/prone to,倾向于

  participate/be involved in/take part in/join ,参加

  judge/rate/criticize/assess/evaluate/gauge/appraise,评判

  rely on/depend on ,依靠

  avoid/stay away/keep away/steer clear of/make a detour,避免

  die out/extinct/disappear/no longer exist ,灭绝

  9

  hunt/search for/look for/try to find/in search of ,打猎

  perceive/sense/see/spot/become aware of/observe ,感知,感觉

  calculate/measure/workout/figure/estimate ,计算

  coin/invent/make/create/come up with ,发明,创造

  admit/acknowledge/confess/to tell the truth ,承认

  be similar to/like/resemble/bear a resemblance to/ look like/alike/much the same ,相似

  result in/lead to/cause/give rise to/bring about,引发,导致

  address/solve/deal with/handle ,处理

  imitate/copy/impersonate/follow one's example,模仿

  feed/eat/have/chew/swallow/consume,喂食

  memorise/learn/commit something to memory,记忆

  purify/refine/distill,净化 ,提取

  deteriorate/get worse/go down ,变坏

  recognize/know/identify/pick out ,认出

  conclude/summarize/come to/reach the conclusion,得出结论

  10

  adapt to/get used to/become accustomed to/adjust to,适应

  initiate/start/launch/open/set in motion,开始,发起

  refer to/mention/allude to/touch on,提到

  be divided into/separate/split/break up/break down,分开

  hinder/hamper/impede,阻碍

  exclude/omit/miss out/leave out/drop,排除在外

  exchange/share/distribute,分享

  convert/modify/transform/adapt/customize,转变

  monitor/watch/keep an eye on/ keep a check on,监视

  allocate/distribute/apportion/grant/confer,分配

  stop/halt/come to a halt ,停止

  label/display/call/brand/hail,贴标签,命名

  apply/use/make use of/exercise/utilize ,应用

  ensure/make sure/make certain/see to it that,保证

  deny/refuse/withhold,否认

  11

  permit/allow/let/agree to/authorize ,许可

  interfere/intrude/disrupt/meddle,干扰

  expose/show/reveal/present/let sb. see,暴露,揭发

  easy to reach/accessible,容易达到的

  important/vital/essential/crucial/critical/necessary,重要的

  underdeveloped/degenerated/rudimentary,不发达的

  exceptional/good/excellent/outstanding/brilliant/impressive/admirable,超常的,例外的

  best/well/greatest/finest/ideal/top/ultimate/optimum/definitive/unsurpassed/record-breaking,极好的

  surprised/amazed/astonished/astounded/betaken aback/startled,感到惊讶的

  traditional/old-fashioned/outdated/outmoded/unfashionable,传统的

  diverse/varied/variety/wide-ranging/mixed,各种各样的

  reluctant/unwilling,勉强的

  long-term/long-running/lasting/lifelong/prolonged/lingering/enduring/abiding,长期的

  beneficial/wholesome/nutritious/nourishing/healthful,有益的

  specific/explicit/elaborate,具体的